INSIDE THIS ISSUE
- Plastic Gaylords For Sale: Order Yours Today & Help us Reach Our Goal!
- NRRA July Pricing Guide
- Lee, NH Transfer Station’s New Sculpture
- School News You Can Use: Moultonborough Academy Takes Top Honors at 2015 Envirothon
- NH the Beautiful: Get your Grant Applications in before August 7th!
- NHDES News
- NH News: Candia Residents Sign Petition to “Save the Dump Art” & More
- VT News: GoodPoint Recycling to Host E-cycles Training
- National News: What You Need to Know to Maximize Profits from your Recycling Center
- NRRA Calendar
~Recycling Fact of the Day~
When you throw away an aluminum can you waste as much energy as if you’d filled the can half full of gasoline and poured it into the ground.
FROM THE DIRECTOR’S CHAIR
NRRA Needs Your Help! Plastic Gaylords For Sale!
NRRA has already received orders for 28 of these gaylords, but we need reach a minimum of 40. Any takers? Cost $116/ea without lid, $134/ea with lid (as pictured above). Facilities that utilize these gaylords have not been disappointed & neither will you!
We are taking orders for these 43”W x 36”H x 32”D gaylords. They are very durable and great for storage of aluminum cans, steel cans, plastics, or paper.
Filled with cans or plastic, they are light enough to move by hand or can be stacked two high! And, although they are lightweight, they are extremely strong and have a top that can also act as a bottom to add strength and extend life expectancy. Please us today to place an order to help us reach our minimum goal of 40 units!
NRRA July Pricing Guide is Now Available
The NRRA Monthly Pricing Guide for July is now available! Click HERE to view the password version OR if you’ve got a username and password for our Member’s Only Section of the Website, you can view it without the need for a password (Click on the “Members Only” tab at the top of the page). If you’re having trouble viewing the guide, please contact Stacey at firstname.lastname@example.org.
After remaining stagnant for the better part of the past year, fiber pricing experienced an upward shift for July. Both mixed paper & cardboard went up slightly – perhaps a sign of hopeful things to come?! Meanwhile, the modest gains that were made in scrap metal during June have been lost as the metals market continues to drop. With many vendors talking about further drops anticipated, it would seem the bottom still hasn’t been reached and we expect low prices for scrap and steel cans to be an ongoing trend for the foreseeable future. In the world of plastics, HDPE natural & PET both saw price increases – but with talk of dropping oil prices and economic instability in China & Europe we’ll see how things play out in the coming weeks.
NHMA Webinar: Cutting Trash in Half: How New Hampshire’s Cities and Towns are Turning to PAYT Programs
On July 9th the NH Municipal Association (NHMA) held a webinar that focused on Pay as You Throw programs in NH.
In case you missed it, this webinar featured Stephen Lisauskas, WasteZero’s Vice President of Government Affairs and Regional Vice President of Municipal Partnerships, and Adam Clark (formerly of NRRA), the City of Concord’s Solid Waste Director as they examined how a growing number of New Hampshire towns and cities are turning to pay-as-you-throw (PAYT) programs to cut their municipal solid waste volumes, boost their finances, and help the environment. This webinar also included detailed case studies of successful PAYT programs in the City of Concord and the Town of Tilton. If you are a member, log in to the members only section of the NRRA website to view the webinar!
Look What’s New at the Lee Transfer Station!
Town residents can now appreciate a sculpture while they drop off their trash and recycling at the Lee Transfer Station.
On Monday, a 13-foot statue was installed at the Lee Transfer Station, located at 11 Recycling Center Road. While the addition of a statue may be surprising to some residents, the art installation was a long time coming to transfer station Manager Roger Rice.
Rice said he pitched the idea to Jill Nooney, sculptor and owner of Bedrock Gardens in Lee, last summer. Rice had already planted a garden filled with plants that originate in New Hampshire, but thought a statue would be a great finishing touch.
While Rice had pitched the idea of a 6- to 7-foot sculpture, Nooney said the sculpture ultimately grew so tall she needed a scaffold to complete the welding. Nooney came up with the design herself, and said her inspiration for the statue was the history of Lee.
“It commemorates the history of the town of Lee, which was an agricultural history involving the dairy business, timber and harvesting,” she said. “There are elements of those industries in the sculpture.”
Rice said, “It celebrates the early days of Lee and the jobs people did.”
The statue is complete with hay forks, shovels, and milk cans, most of which came from Nooney’s barn, which is filled to the brim with antique pieces.
“My sculptures very often use pieces of equipment that have worked the land,” Nooney said. “And then they get returned to the land in the form of art.”
Rice said the majority of residents have been pleased with the installation of the statue.
“They have been very pleased and very excited to have it finally arrive,” Rice said. “A few people think art doesn’t fit at the transfer station … but 98 percent of people are happy it’s here.”
Rice said the addition of the statue to the garden completes his vision to make the transfer station more than just the town dump.
“Back 30 or 40 years ago, the dump was just the dump,” he said. “Now, they are getting to be a place that is kept clean, neat and takes care of all the recycling. So this kind of stood as a way to dress up and enhance it and make it a place people were proud of.”
Free Thermostat & Rechargeable Battery Collection Boxes
Do you have a recycling bin for rechargeable batteries and cell phones from Call2Recycle, or a bin for mercury thermostats from the Thermostat Recycling Corporation (TRC)? The Product Stewardship Institute (PSI) is currently helping towns get signed up for these FREE programs as part of a USDA project to promote the collection of batteries and thermostats in underserved rural areas of the Northeast. But don’t wait: the program ends September 2015.
HOW IT WORKS: Sign up online with PSI for a free TRC or Call2Recycle collection bin, or contact Elise Simons at email@example.com or (857) 301-6436. A bin will be shipped to you in 2-3 weeks along with collecting and shipping instructions. When the box is full, ship it for free to TRC or Call2Recycle, and they will send you a new empty bin so you can keep collecting! PSI can also provide a variety of resources to help you spread the word about the program.
In order to increase the number of collection sites for these products, PSI is also reaching out to local retailers to promote battery and thermostat collection at retail sites. Any retailers that sell rechargeable batteries, such as hardware and consumer electronics stores, can collect batteries for Call2Recycle. For thermostats, TRC will send bins to local HVAC wholesalers, retailers, and contractors.
If you know of retailers in your area who may be willing to collect batteries or thermostats or MERCURY SWITCHES, please e-mail their contact information to Elise Simons at firstname.lastname@example.org. PSI will conduct outreach to these retailers to implement battery and thermostat recycling programs in their stores.
SCHOOL NEWS YOU CAN USE
Moultonborough Academy Takes Home Top Honors at the 2015 NH Envirothon Competition
The 2015 competition saw twenty-four high school and three middle school teams vie for this year’s top prize during the daylong festivities held on May 19, 2015 and hosted by New England College in Henniker. Moultonborough Academy emerged as the overall winner, while a team from Souhegan High School took second place and one from Concord High School earned third place honors. As the 2015 winners, Moultonborough Academy will now represent New Hampshire at the North American Competition (with a theme of “Urban Forestry”) to be held later this summer at Missouri State University in Springfield, Missouri (http://www.envirothon.org).
In 1990, a group of New Hampshire professionals from the environmental and natural resource management fields got together and decided to run a program that was designed to challenge students in crafting creative solutions to contemporary environmental issues. In the fall of 1991, the New Hampshire Association of Conservation Districts assumed sponsorship of the New Hampshire program, based on a model created by the Pennsylvania Conservation Districts in 1979. As a result of that effort, the first New Hampshire Envirothon was held in 1992 at Fox Park in Plymouth. Since that time, it has provided both middle and high school students with exciting, practical challenges outside of the classroom. One recent ConVal High School senior’s impression of the New Hampshire Envirothon program was expressed, “Envirothon has been my favorite activity in high school and I feel privileged to have been a member of four ConVal teams. I have without a doubt learned more through my experiences on Envirothon than I have in many of my AP [advanced placement] classes.”
Teachers who are interested in coaching a team, professionals interested in volunteering their time, and anyone interested in providing financial support should contact the New Hampshire Envirothon Coordinator by email at nhenvirothon@gmail. com or by U.S. Mail at: New Hampshire Envirothon Coordinator, 1197 Route 12A, Surry, NH, 03431. There’s no better way to build a cadre of youth who are more dedicated to addressing New Hampshire’s environmental and natural resource chal- lenges than to help foster the future success of the Envirothon program. More information can be found on its webpage lo- cated at http://nhenvirothon.org.
NH THE BEAUTIFUL
Grants Program for NH Municipalities
Do you need equipment for your facility? All New Hampshire municipalities are eligible to apply for grants toward the purchase price of recycling equipment. For more information or to apply for a grant, go to http://www.nhthebeautiful.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/equipment_grant_app_710.pdf, print & fill out the form and fax it to 603-736-4402. If you do not have access to the internet, please give us a call, and we can fax or mail a form to you. The NH the Beautiful Board will be meeting on August 20th to review all new equipment grant applications. Please submit your grant application to Stacey Morrison at NRRA (email@example.com) no later than August 7th if you wish to have it considered at this meeting.
NH the Beautiful Provides FREE Facility Signs
All NH municipalities are eligible to apply for FREE facility signs. NHtB has been providing professional looking signs for NH municipalities since 1983. Under the NHtB Sign Program, New Hampshire Municipalities are all eligible to apply for signs (60 points each fiscal year or until funds run out). The NHtB fiscal year runs November 1-October 31. If you have any questions, feel free to contact Stacey at 603-736-4401 x.10. To maximize your points, you can also order “recycled” signs or overlays for existing signs!
For a complete list of sign options and to order signs, click here Complete Sign Packet. Simply print the forms you need, mail or fax them to 603-736-4402.
Please NOTE!!! You can only use points to order signs that are on the list. Words can be removed, but nothing can be added. Custom signs are available for purchase. Contact the NRRA for details.
NHtB Also has Clear Stream Containers and 14-Gallon Recycling Bins for Sale at Discounted Prices
Click the links below to find out how you can get yours! Please note that effective July 1, 2015 the cost of the 14 gallon Curbside Recycling Bins have increased by .50 cents a bin. We regret this unavoidable increase but assure you that these bins are still being offered at a great discounted rate to all Towns, Schools, Businesses and non-profit organization who apply.
Visit NH the Beautiful on Facebook and Twitter
To see all the latest that NH the Beautiful is doing for NH check out their Facebook Page! Click the following link – https://www.facebook.com/pages/NH-The-Beautiful/253682871403932
NH the Beautiful, Inc. (NHtB) is a private non-profit charitable trust founded in 1983 and supported by the soft drink, malt beverage, and grocery industries of New Hampshire. By offering municipal recycling grants (over $2.5 million) and signs, anti-litter programs, and technical assistance to recycling programs, NHtB is a unique organization that represents a voluntarily-funded alternative to expensive legislation intended to achieve the same end results. NHtB supports the NRRA School Education Program (the Club). The Northeast Resource Recovery Association (www.nrra.net) administers the New Hampshire the Beautiful programs.
NH DES NEWS
NHDES Proposes to Amend Rule Regarding Required Signature
The Department of Environmental Services (NHDES) is proposing to amend administrative rule Env-Sw 1105.13(b) regarding the requirement for an elected or appointed official to sign the annual facility reports for active solid waste facilities, instead allowing these reports to be signed by a “duly-authorized individual”. The rulemaking notice indicates that this change is the result of numerous complaints from public officials and solid waste operators about the signature requirement. A copy of the proposed rule is available here. A public hearing is scheduled for Friday, July 10, 2015 at 9:00 at DES Offices, 29 Hazen Drive, Concord, in Room 111. The deadline for submission of written comments on the proposed rule is 4:00 p.m. on Friday, July 17, 2015.
Training Opportunities for Solid Waste Facility Operators
NHDES is offering Basic Training on Friday, August 14, 2015 from 8:30AM-2:30PM, with the exam following the training. If you want to attend Basic Training, please complete the Initial Application for Solid Waste Facility Operator Certification available at http://des.nh.gov/organization/divisions/waste/swrtas/opcert.htm#newoperators and submit it to NHDES along with the required $50 fee. If you have any questions, please call (603) 271-2925.
Continuing Professional Development for Certified Solid Waste Facility Operators
Certified solid waste facility operators must attend or participate in 2.5 hours of relevant continuing professional development each year to keep their certification current. This typically means attending at least one training event such as a workshop or conference. Operators must submit written confirmation of attendance with their renewal application for trainings not provided by DES. Credit will generally be given for continuing professional development that offers information about and increases awareness of environmental, waste management operations, and health or safety issues.
DES offers workshops to meet the 2.5 hour per year requirement of continuing professional development, but also accepts relevant training from other organizations. Please click HERE for some current training opportunities. DES updates their web page when new workshops are scheduled, so check back often to find new postings.
2015 Waste Management Seminar
On November 2, 2015, the Business and Industry Association (NH BIA) and NHDES, in partnership with the New Hampshire Municipal Association, will present an all day conference focusing on waste management issues. This year’s seminar is the successor to similar seminars in the past – namely the “Contaminated Sites” and “Consultant’s Day”
seminars. The conference will run from 8 AM to 5 PM at the Radisson Hotel in Manchester (700 Elm Street). As soon as the agenda is finalized, it will be posted on the NHDES and NH BIA websites. To register, go to the NH BIA website (http://www.biaofnh.com/) and look under Programs and Events.
Greening the Junkyards
Earlier this year on Earth Day, theU.S. EPA awarded Environmental Merit Awards for Lifetime Achievement to the team of Jeff Kantor and Bob Phelps, two NH Motor Vehicle Recyclers. This award recognized over 20 years of environmental stewardship and highlighted the successes of the partnership between the motor vehicle recycling industry and NHDES. To emphasize the innovative work done by these two men, their industry partners and the NHDES staff involved, it is worth exploring how the NH Green Yards Program went from a small compliance assurance project for junkyards to a nationally-recognized environmental program for motor vehicle recycling facilities (MVRFs).
In the mid-1990s, NHDES determined that there needed to be a strategy for improving work practices at junkyards that manage end-of- life vehicles. These vehicles may contain a number of environmental pollutants, such as gasoline, motor oil, lubricants and antifreeze, which is why activities at these types of facilities are regulated by various local, state and federal authorities. Because of this, implementation of compliance assurance measures was confusing to regulators and operators alike, leaving a daunting task for the newly- appointed NH Green Yards Program Manager, Pamela Sprague (now Hoyt- Denison). She proposed that before NHDES took any action, staff first needed to learn about the industry practices and educate operators on the potential hazards. Only then would NHDES be ready to develop a regulatory approach to protect the environment.
In 2002, NHDES surveyed approximately 200 facilities across the state about fluids management, stormwater permits and solid waste management. Not surprisingly, the results showed a lack of understanding of environmental regulations, but not necessarily intentional mismanagement. Not long after the surveys, Jeff Kantor and Bob Phelps came knocking on NHDES’ door with a handshake, an open door policy and the backing of the entire Auto & Truck Recycling Association of NH (ATRA). The members of ATRA understood that the future of their businesses and industry were in their hands and they were prepared to step up and work for the greater good.
Having acknowledged the importance of the industry and the common goal of instilling sustainable change at the facilities to preserve the integrity of NH’s air, land and water, the work began. With the assistance of ATRA and NHDES’ Pollution Prevention Program, the NH Green Yards Program was implemented in two phases. Phase I – Education and Compliance Assistance – included workshops on the health and environmental hazards that come with the industry, open houses at facilities and a conference at which then Governor Lynch assisted Bob with the removal of mercury switches, which were used for lighting controls, among other uses, in vehicles. Phase II – Environmental Self-Audit and Compliance Certification– consisted of a blitz of Best Management Practices compliance inspections conducted by a multitude of NHDES inspectors and the deployment of a Self- Audit Checklist created specifically for facility owners to share with their employees on how to comply with the environmental regulations. It was during this time that an increasing number of NH’s wells were found to be contaminated with MtBE, an octane- enhancing additive to gasoline. The Program was able to work with the remediation teams and the facility operators to quickly investigate if the contamination stemmed from activities at the MVRFs. Those facilities that were contaminated now hold groundwater monitoring permits and are being remediated. Without the collaborative efforts of the industry, this effort would have been far less efficient.
With Phase I complete and Phase II well on its way, a legislative study commission of industry stakeholders was convened to review state statutes and rules on how the industry is regulated. One of Jeff’s favorite sayings is, “If you don’t like the rule, then change it!” He and Bob knew the rule writing process well and knew how to make their views heard at the State House and on Capitol Hill. Their work promoted legislation reflecting the modernization of the industry and its importance to our state and nation.
In the past few years, the NH Green Yards Program completed a portion of an online training program designed to assist municipal officials in implementing local licensing of these facilities. Jeff, Bob and other members of ATRA were instrumental in bringing the training program to life. On camera, they related how the old practices of dumpingfluids on the ground, burning cars and burying waste are no longer recognized as the way to operate. They stressed the importance of well-run facilities to municipalities. In 2014, we lost Bob to cancer; and, recently Jeff retired from the business due to his own battle with cancer. The work continues, however. Directly due to Bob and Jeff’s influence, the next generation of auto recyclers has accepted the challenge of maintaining environmental sustainability. ATRA members and NHDES staff continue to collaborate to eliminate the potential for contamination from gasoline and its components.
The landscape of NH’s motor vehicle recycling industry is vastly different than it was just 15 years ago and the Environmental Merit Award was a fitting recognition of the environmental protection achieved by Jeff, Bob and the NHDES Green Yards Program staff. There is still a lot of work to do but the knowledge gained in deploying environmentally-sustainable business practices through the partnership between the industry and NHDES have the Granite State at the forefront of “greening the junkyards.”
NEW HAMPSHIRE NEWS
Candia residents sign petition to ‘Save the Dump Art’
By CYRUS MOULTON, Union Leader Correspondent
“Everybody pretty much got their back hair up a little bit,” said lead petitioner Jim Argeriou. “It’s gone from a charming dump to a dump.”
Argeriou said he will present the petition to the selectmen at the board’s meeting today, even though selectmen denied his request to be put on the meeting agenda.
“I will still be there,” Argeriou said. “As will a lot of other people, I hope.”
Selectmen in June ordered a cleanup of the Candia Recycling Center that included taking down what facility manager and unofficial chief curator Chuck Whitcher estimated were hundreds of pieces of art displayed on the walls, beams and other spaces in the town structure.
The artwork had accumulated for years — some of it rescued from the trash and some of it donated by artists — and is not offered for sale. It’s simply an effort to recycle and make the recycling center unique and enjoyable, Whitcher has said.
But Whitcher was ordered to take down the artwork in the last week of June and said Friday that it has all been removed. Some art has been thrown away, and some will go to the Swap Shop, Whitcher said.
Selectman Craig Sandler, who is the board’s liaison to the recycling center, previously told The Union Leader that cleanliness and maintaining the town’s investment was the only goal of the cleanup order.
He declined to say anything further when reached Friday, other than that all selectmen were in agreement on the issue.
But Argeriou said many in town did not agree with the selectmen’s decision.
“The pulse of the town is we want our artwork back,” he said Friday. So he started an online petition that, by Sunday afternoon, had accrued more than 200 signatures from area residents.
He said that selectmen had years ago ordered a cleanup of the art and flower beds on the grounds surrounding the facility.
“When you went into the dump, there would be rows of 6- to 8-foot tall sunflowers. There was artwork displayed on the hill, and it had the infamous toilet planters, where the workers took old toilets and filled them with flowers,” Argeriou said. “Most of the people want flowers back as well.”
Argeriou said he learned Friday afternoon that his request to be added to today’s meeting agenda and present the petition to selectmen was denied. Board of Selectmen Chairman Carleton Robie, who sets the meeting agendas, could not be reached for comment Friday afternoon.
Argeriou and other residents on the petition website (ipetitions.com/petition/save-the-dump-art) say they don’t understand why the art has to go.
“It’s certainly not a safety issue, not a fire hazard, the rationale for removing it is just general cleaning, but they haven’t cleaned it up at all, they’ve made it look worse,” Argeriou said. “It just seems crazy, it seems like a ridiculous battle, and it seems ridiculous that I have to even go back to town hall and plead my case and say, ’Hey, put my paintings up.’”
Whitcher said he has not signed the petition and is remaining out of the dispute, willing to do whatever he is asked.
“I’m glad people are standing up for what they believe in, and I’m glad that people like the art enough that they are willing to take some action,” Whitcher said. “But my ultimate concern is to make sure we function as an efficient, well-serviced recycling center. The art was just a bonus, and I’m sorry the decision upset people.”
Redhook Brewery & MetalWave to Host E-Cycling Event
The fast pace of technological change coupled with the short lifespan of modern consumer goods leaves many of us with obsolete electronics. The components of these products often contain hazardous contaminants such as lead, cadmium, mercury and brominated flame retardants which pose a great deal of risk to human health and the environment when this material is sent to landfills. It’s paramount that as citizens of the world, we consume, but especially dispose of, our consumer goods responsibly.
Since 2010, local e-cyler, MetalWave LLC, has been serving businesses in New England and beyond with transparent, domestic, and cost-effective end-of-life recycling services for a variety of e-waste.
On July 21st from 11:30 am to 4pm, local e-cycler MetalWave is teaming up with Redhook Brewery to host a free electronic recycling day exclusively to Pease Tradeport tenants and employees. Read the full story here.
Good Point Recycling to Host E-Cycles Training
Good Point Recycling will host an on-site training at 227 Pond ln Middlebury, VT 05753 on July 29th. All operators involved in any aspect of the Vermont E-Cycles program are invited and encouraged to attend, particularly recent hires or anyone new to the program. Discussion topics will cover proper handling, labeling, storage and identification of covered and banned electronic devices as well as other pertinent information to the program. To register, please respond to Nathan Hill at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Can I store electronic devices outside?
Electronic devices must be stored on an “impervious surface within a structure or transportation unit such that the electronic device is protected from precipitation.” Storing computers, displays, peripherals, printers or televisions outside at any time is prohibited. Further details can be found in the Procedure for the Environmentally Sound Management of Electronic Devices for Collectors, Transporters, and Recyclers. Please direct any questions or concerns to Nathan Hill at email@example.com.
~Nathan Hill, Good Point Recycling
Vermont bans disposal of recyclables, mandates PAYT
By Editorial Staff, Resource Recycling
Recyclable metal, glass, plastic and fiber materials are banned from disposal in Vermont starting this month.
Haulers throughout the Green Mountain State must now provide curbside collections for recycling if they provide them for trash. Garbage service providers must now also charge customers under a pay-as-you-throw rate model intended to drive recycling tonnages.
Those are the major provisions of a universal recycling law that took effect July 1. The small state of 627,000 people has one landfill, and lawmakers unanimously passed the recycling bill in 2012 with an eye partly toward preserving the landfill’s life by increasing diversion rates.
The state’s current diversion rate is about 36 percent; the new law, when fully implemented in 2020, is expected to increase the statewide diversion rate for municipal solid waste to about 50 percent, according to the Vermont Materials Management Plan.
Starting July 1, residents were required to recycle the following materials: aluminum and steel cans; aluminum foil and pie pans; glass bottles and jars; PET and HDPE containers; corrugated cardboard; paper (including mixed paper, newspaper, magazines, paper mail, paper bags and envelopes); and box board.
Under the law, yard debris will join that list starting July 1, 2016. A ban on disposal of food scraps will be implemented in phases, but all businesses and households will be prohibited from disposal of that material by 2020.
Some stakeholders say the law may not be workable in rural areas, according to White River Junction, Vt.-based Valley News. For example, Casella Resource Solutions says the requirement that it provide parallel curbside collections of garbage and recyclable materials may mean it has to drop all service in some sparsely populated areas, because rates are barely enough to sustain garbage service as is.
A February 2015 report from the state’s Solid Waste Infrastructure Advisory Committee estimated $45 million will be needed for additional infrastructure – including cart procurement, additional collection trucks and organics facility construction – to comply with the law. The state’s two materials recovery facilities already possess the capacity to handle additional materials, the report found.
The Vermont Agency of Natural Resources (ANR) and local solid waste districts will have enforcement authority under the law. “However, education and outreach will be the initial method of implementing universal recycling,” according to the ANR’s website.
Chittenden County, which accounts for about a quarter of Vermont’s population and is home to the city of Burlington, already had a ban on disposal of recyclable materials in place. Its list of materials for mandatory recycling mirrors the state’s list, except it includes a disposal ban on all rigid plastic packaging and containers.
What You Need to Know to Maximize Profits from Your Recycling Center
Will Flower, Waste 360
After all of the recyclables have been sorted, processed and baled, it’s time to sell those bales. But the process for marketing, selling and moving bales is complicated.
In some cases, material from a recycling center may be shipped to a manufacturing plant across town. In other cases, the bales will travel to manufacturing plants located on the other side of the world. In all cases, the job of the recycling manager is to find reliable markets and get the highest value for the recyclables being sold.
Most recycling operations depend heavily on the revenue from the sale of commodities as part of their financial well-being. Unfortunately, in the past 14 months, recyclers have been plagued by weak commodity pricing, especially for plastics, scrap metal, paper and cardboard. Subsequently, many recycling operations have experienced a significant decrease in revenue.
When markets are strong and prices are high, recycling centers rarely have problems moving material. But, when markets slow down and prices drop, mills and manufacturers tend to get more selective. To keep materials moving, recycling centers need to remain focused on the production of high quality bales of recyclables that meet or exceed manufacturers’ expectations.
Domestic and International Markets
Managers must constantly work to ensure reliable, long-term available outlets for the material produced at recycling centers. Recyclers know that if there are no markets, there is no recycling. Today, bales of recyclables are shipped all over the world.
Manufacturers (both domestic and international) have a need for a steady diet of raw materials including recyclable materials. To ensure the flow of a consistent feedstock, manufacturers will establish specifications for the quality of recyclables that they can accept, including the level of acceptable contamination, moisture content, size and shape of baled materials and material density. It is important to know the criteria that will dictate the type and level of processing that must be completed at the recycling center to ensure material is the proper quality for the manufacturer.
Brokers vs. Direct Sales
Recyclables are typically sold to either mills or brokers. There are advantages and disadvantages of working with each. Selling directly to an end-market, such as a paper mill, is likely to generate better pricing for commodities provided that the material meets or exceeds the mill specifications. Working with a broker may be more convenient as many brokers are able to move various types and qualities of recyclables including fiber, plastics and metals. Brokers also can help with local, national and international shipments of materials. Most brokers work with several mills and manufacturers to identify viable markets and the highest price for the material coming from the recycling center. The prices that mills pay, as well as the broker’s commissions/payments and terms, are all negotiable.
Smaller recycling centers may find it appealing to work with a broker, as it can sometimes be difficult to sell small volumes of recyclable materials. Brokers can help as they purchase materials from multiple sources and sell to mills in bulk, thereby providing secure markets and better pricing.
Before selecting a broker, it’s always a good idea to check out the broker’s financial stability. A broker who buys material from a recycling center and then goes bankrupt or never pays for the commodities that were sold will not help the financial performance of the recycling operation.
No matter who you sell materials to (mill or broker), it is always a good idea to have a contract or marketing agreement in place that addresses the sale of materials, including all of the terms that are part of the sale. The marketing agreement may include:
- The description of the material that will be sold, including the specifications for the acceptable level of contamination, size of bales, and, if applicable, moisture content.
- The volume of material that will be sold, including any minimum or maximum tonnages. The marketing agreement should clearly state the type of measurement to be used with attention paid to short tons, long tons and metric tons.
- The agreed upon sale price and payment terms. In many cases, a formula may be used to protect the seller and the buyer from market fluctuations. If using a formula, make sure the marketing agreement clearly explains the formula and the indexes that will be used to determine the sales price.
- Any agreed to floor prices, which indicates the minimum price per unit that the seller will receive. In some agreements, the floor price may have a termination clause if prices stay below the floor price for an extended period of time.
- The pickup location with a clear indication of who is responsible for the transportation of the material.
- The process for managing and resolving issues arising from rejected loads. This could include the adjustment of prices due to off-spec material resulting from excessive contamination or moisture. This is especially important because rejected loads due to excessive contamination can result in huge expenses for the recycling center.
The growth of markets for recyclables will occur provided that it makes economic sense. As markets mature they tend to get more stable; however, excessive supply or low demand will always lead to some fluctuations over time. A good understanding of the factors that contribute to market fluctuations is helpful, including the strength or weakness of the U.S. dollar, transportation costs and new manufacturing capacity.
Managers also should carefully monitor market prices using the Internet or subscription services that provides weekly and monthly market prices for various commodities. A recycling manager has many responsibilities; however, making sure that commodities are steadily moving and that the highest prices are being paid will help to contribute to the success of the recycling facility.
Maryland Vet Builds Composting Business; Creates Jobs for Fellow Soldiers
By Elizabeth McGowan, Waste 360
When Justen Garrity began asking Maryland businesses about collecting their food scraps five-plus years ago, he was slightly shocked by the pitying looks he received initially. Some assumed he was begging for day-old bread for a homeless shelter.
Far from it.
The longtime Marylander had returned to his home state in spring 2009 after fighting in Iraq and found the country mired in a devastating recession. Jobs were close to nonexistent, especially for those who had served in Iraq and Afghanistan. So Garrity created his own jobs with a startup he christened Veteran Compost.
His company’s tagline “From Combat to Compost” captures his twofold mission succinctly: Hire military veterans to mold and market the region’s consummate compost. He doesn’t just haul leftovers, he supervises their transformation into a soil amender.
A line of idling trucks driven by gardeners and farmers waiting to dig into Garrity’s small mountains of black gold is evidence that his formula is a tour de force. The mounds rise on a 30-acre farm tucked next to an Aberdeen subdivision 36 miles northeast of Baltimore.
“It’s not like I come from a hippie family,” the 33-year-old president says with a laugh about his venture during an on-site interview. “I still own a pickup truck and eat steaks.”
Though he’s quick with a joke, his enterprise is no lark.
Not only did he spend six months researching the art and science of composting, he also studied the ins and outs of waste management while earning an MBA from Penn State Great Valley in May 2011. He launched his business in 2010 with his savings and received a boost two years later with a $5,000 grant from the Newman’s Own Foundation.
Garrity’s methodology is meticulous. Food scraps are his bread and butter. He eschews yard waste and manure because he can’t risk pesticide or herbicide contamination. Instead, he mixes bread, bones, peels, cores, rinds, oyster shells and everything else with woodchips he purchases from a local mulch company.
“Being chemical-free makes us stand out,” he says about customers’ willingness to pay $35 per cubic yard for a premium product. “People know what they’re getting.”
A network of buried pipes aerates the piles so they don’t need to be turned. The massive heaps generate enough heat to break down all things organic and eliminate pathogens. Screeners separate the “fine stuff,” which can be sold, from the “big stuff,” which needs more time to “cook.”
“It’s basically an eighth-grade science experiment,” he says about converting castaways into restorative dirt. “We can process all of this food waste and not ruin the neighborhood with a terrible smell.”
His teams collect 10 to 15 tons daily from a cornucopia of Baltimore- and Annapolis-centric clients including the M&T Bank Stadium where the NFL’s Baltimore Ravens play, spice maker McCormick & Co., investment management firm T. Rowe Price, as well as hospitals, grocery stores, restaurants, universities and public schools.
Leaders at the Washington-based National Waste & Recycling Association are especially impressed with Garrity’s preciseness. At hospitals, for example, he collects food scraps only from the main cafeteria, not patients’ rooms.
“He doesn’t want to risk getting needles in his compost supply,” says Chaz Miller, NWRA’s director of policy and advocacy. “Justen runs a really neat program. He really cares about the quality of his product.”
Garrity, who employs about 20 full- and part-timers, wants his undertaking to remain nimble. Expansion plans call for opening two additional composting facilities by year’s end. He’s already selected a farm site in Virginia’s Fairfax County, near Washington, D.C.
Another goal is to double his annual compost yield to 10,000 cubic yards. That jump in volume would allow him to sell year-round, instead of just meeting the spring and autumn needs of gardeners, landscapers and construction workers.
A key challenge is finding employees willing to follow through on mandatory training and stick with a program that isn’t as simple as it seems to outsiders.
For instance, Garrity knows he has a keeper in part-timer Jeffrey Madison. The District of Columbia-based Air Force veteran aced his tryout period by selling bags of Veteran Compost in the city. That inspired Madison to propose a food scrap collection program geared for D.C. homes. First, he had to attend a week of composting classes and pass a tough written exam that certified him as a compost facility operator.
Madison and his wife, Maude Windsor, now serve close to 1,000 D.C. residences and offices with the offshoot they initiated in summer 2013.
“Many home gardeners feel composting is something that’s easy to do,” Madison says. “When you understand the science of it, how regulated and consistent you have to be at this level, what you find out is there’s composting and then there’s good composting.”
Garrity is a disciple of cleanliness. Whether a client needs a seven-gallon bin or a 64-gallon rollout cart, his workers always swap the full one for a spotless, empty vessel.
Awareness of composting awareness seems to have skyrocketed recently, but that alone doesn’t guarantee a company’s survival. Five percent of food waste was composted in 2013, a tiny bump from the 4.8 percent in 2012, according to the latest numbers from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. And Garrity well knows that economics, technology and siting are all factors contributing to food waste comprising 21 percent of the 167 million tons of trash that ended up in landfills in 2013.
Composters in the mid-Atlantic offering only pick-up service have been scrambling since last fall when Peninsula Compost Co., a repository in Wilmington, Del., was ordered closed by state authorities.
That Garrity’s full-service model has survived five years is a tribute to his discipline, ability to adapt and think strategically—traits he attributes to his military experience.
He was commissioned into the Army as a second lieutenant after earning a bachelor’s degree in information technology from Worcester Polytechnic Institute, which he attended on an ROTC scholarship. That eventually led to a 15-month deployment in Iraq.
As well, diversification gives him an edge. Customers also can order compost tea bags, worm poop (vermicompost) and a gardening mix of compost, peat moss and coarse vermiculite.
Garrity has high praise for programs such as sports events geared for wounded warriors. But as an entrepreneur and a member of the Farmer Veteran Coalition, he is committed to guiding veterans toward work on the land that is meaningful and rewarding.
“For me, the alternative to this was being a mercenary in Afghanistan,” he says about the overseas contracting work he rejected. “This is much better.”
Town of Gilmanton needs 10 Wheeler
10 Wheeler w/hoist for roll-offs, does not need to be road worthy. Need to move containers on site.
Contact: Board of Selectmen or Town Administrator,Gilmanton, New Hampshire 03237 (603)267-6700
IPS Model AT965HS100 Auto Tie Baler
One (1) IPS Model AT965HS100 Auto Tie Baler, 100 HP power unit, built in January 2001. The baler will need to be removed from the facility. Asking Price is $65,000.00. More Pictures are available upon request. Contact NRRA if interested or if you would like more information. (firstname.lastname@example.org)
28.5 cu. yd. Roll-off container – 22’L x 7′ W x 5′ H
Needs door chain welded on. Needs hinge wall stiffened.
$500 or best offer picked up in Lee, NH
Needs work – Hinge wall needs welding, etc.
For more information contact Roger Rice, Lee NH Transfer Station – cell: 603- 969-9626
Sign is 3ft x 5ft. Sign is laminated on plexi-glass. Made for use outside, so it can withstand the rain.
You must pick it up at the Peterborough Recycling Center
Contact Scott Bradford: email@example.com
NO MOM Meeting This Month
August 19: NRRA Board Meeting 9:00 a.m.-Location to be announced
August 20: NH the Beautiful Board Meeting-NRRA Offices
September 7: Labor Day
September 9: M.O.M Meeting-NRRA Offices